Saturday, July 14, 2007

nach dem fall

Wittgenstein once famously wrote: Die Welt ist alles, was der Fall ist. (The world is everything that is the case.) English case is ultimately from Latin casus, literally ‘fallen’, is a form of the third conjugation verb cado (cadere, cecidi, casus), IEW 516 *k̑ad- ‘to fall’, Old Irish casar ‘hail, lightning’ (*k̑ad-tarā), pl. Welsh cesair ‘large hailstones’, Cornish keser, Breton kazerc’h ‘hail’. It is also the calque (or loan translation) chosen by Roman grammarians for the Greek grammatical term ptōsis ‘case’.

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